Facebook in the sights of US lawmakers over "deepfake" videos

Facebook in the sights of US lawmakers over "deepfake" videos
Following the controversial move taken by Facebook's vice president of global policy management, Monika Bickert, the social network has found itself in the crosshairs of US lawmakers. His advocacy before the Chamber of Energy and Commerce subcommittee did not have the desired effect. The person in charge of Facebook thus receives a wave of criticism linked to the new directive taken in relation to manipulated videos known as “deepfake”.

The fears of US lawmakers stem from the rise of manipulation and deception in the digital age. It must be said that Facebook's new directive is far from meeting their expectations. The rules announced by Bickert still leave a lot of leeway for politicians and opinion influencers.

Facebook's inability to effectively fight disinformation was widely highlighted during Bickert's plea held on Wednesday, January 8, 2020. Like Republicans, Democrats have not been kind to the vice-president. president.
Parody and satirical content singled out

The new directive announced by Bickert only concerns videos manipulated with Artificial Intelligence (AI) that overlays, mixes or replaces multimedia content. They are used to mislead Internet users. It is thus a question of disinformation and the manipulation of public opinion. However, parody and satirical content is not affected by this new directive.

Thus, the fake video of the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi does not fall within the content to be excluded from the social network. In fact, Florida Democratic Congressman Darren Soto made this point. Faced with questioning from the latter, Bickert just said that the application is not yet complete.

Nonetheless, Pelosi's video had been labeled as fake and in the process, it was subjected to a fact-check.
Possible foreign interference before the elections

The facts had already happened during the 2016 presidential campaign.

Russia had indeed used Facebook to spread false information. US lawmakers fear that this incident will happen again this year. Facebook's digital defenses make data collection and foreign interference therefore seem weak in the eyes of these political actors.

Faced with Facebook's inability to effectively regulate its system, California MP Jerry McKerney asked Bickert if she would approve an independent audit scheduled for June 1, 2020. This is a question that the main offender had not answered.
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